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Lecture: ‘Islamist and Nativist Radicalizations in Europe’ by Ayhan Kaya
Locatie: Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Islamist and Nativist Radicalizations in Europe
Department of International Relations, Istanbul Bilgi University, Turkey
In this talk, the term “radicalization” is discussed as a process that appears to be a defensive and reactionary response of various individuals suffering from social, economic, and political forms of exclusion, subordination, alienation, humiliation, and isolation. To that effect, the talk challenges the mainstream understanding of radicalization. In doing so, the work concentrates on the elaboration of reactionary radicalization processes of self‐identified Muslim youth and self‐identified native youth residing in Europe. The main reason behind the selection of these two groups is the assumption that both groups are co‐radicalizing each other in the contemporary world that is defined by the ascendance of a civilizational political discourse since the war in the Balkans in the 1990s. Based on the findings of 320 in‐depth interviews conducted with youngsters from both groups in Belgium, France, Germany, and the Netherlands, the work demonstrates that the main drivers of the radicalization processes of these two groups cannot be explicated through the reproduction of civilizational, cultural, and religious differences. Instead, the drivers of radicalization for both groups are very identical as they are both socio‐economically, politically, and psychologically deprived of certain elements constrained by the flows of globalization and dominant forms of neo‐liberal governance.